The plum
About the plum

The plum is one of the main crops of our country. Plum fruits both fresh and processed form are one of the traditional agricultural products, which our country supplies to foreign markets.

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Most suitable for growing plum trees in mountainous areas are the slopes with east north-east and north facing, with not a very big slope with good air drainage, and with deep enough and permeable soil. Closed valleys should be avoided, where the damage of low winter temperatures and turning frosts are higher. Very suitable for growing plum trees are the plains of perennial rivers with silt rich alluvial soil.

The plum is distributed throughout the country. The greatest concentration is achieved in Lovech District followed by the regions of Gabrovo, Plovdiv, Stara Zagora, Vratsa, Shumen and Smolyan.

The main variety in our country is the Kyustendil Plum. It is known as the Winter Plum or Madzharkinya. It has been grown from 17th - 18th century along with a large number of local brandy varieties. With the significant increase of the plum trees area after World War One, the variety Kyustendil Plum gets more widespread. There have been many varieties and branches thereof, which differ in size and shape of the fruit forms, the crown forms, efflorescence time, etc. In industrial plants, large-fruited varieties selected precious and branches of Kyustendil Plum as DL-1, D-16, PAT-12 and others dominate. They were selected in IPZHZ - Trojan, and D-2 and D-4 selected at Fruit Growing Experimental Station - Dryanovo.

The fruits of Kyustendil Plum are very valuable for both fresh consumption and for different types of processing, mainly for drying. The tree is vigorous and very fruitful. From a single tree 250-300 kg fruits are picked. Due to the late efflorescence, it doesn’t suffer from turning spring frosts. The most significant drawback of this variety is its susceptibility to diseases and air drought as well as inadequate size of the fruit.

An American variety. Imported in Bulgaria in 1961, the fruits are large, with the form of turned egg, dark blue, with a strong waxy surface. The stone is large and easily removed. They are suitable for fresh consumption and for drying.

Tuleu Grass
An old Romanian variety. In our country individual trees were planted until 1958, then it was planted more largely. The fruits are medium-sized, dark purple, with distinctive dots and dashes towards the handle. The stone is completely detachable. They are suitable for fresh consumption and processing.

The origin is unknown. They have been spreading in the region of Karlovo. The fruits are large, round, yellow or red colored, with small fully detachable stone. Used for compote.

The origin is unknown. This is one of the most valuable varieties of the Afazka variety. It is widespread in Sliven and Yambol. The fruits are large, round and red colored.

Ruth Gershteter
A German variety. It was imported to the country in 1961. Due to the early ripening period, the variety is widespread in many exporting countries.

Altanova greengage
An old Chech variety. It has been included in the assortment since 1972. The fruits are large, almost round, slightly flattened at the top and the bottom. The fruits are colored in purple to brown-violet. The pulp is very tasty.

A variety of crossbreeding between Sakarka and Kyustendil Plum, produced in Dryanovo.

A new hybrid since 1970 - produced in Dryanovo. Variety of crossbreeding between Kyustendil Plum and Monforska. The fruits are relatively large, dark blue, with waxy surface.

Dessert (Pop Hariton)
Hybrid produced in Dryanovo. The fruits are large and with very attractive appearance. They are colored in dark brownish-purple.

Californian Blue
An American variety, imported in our country in 1961. The fruits are large, dark purple with dots are faint waxy surface.

A hybrid produced in 1957 in Dryanovo. The fruits are large to very large, oval-shaped with blue violet coloring.

Hybrid variety produced in Dryanovo by crossbreeding between Kyustendil Plum and Monforska. The fruits are medium large with the form of turned egg shape. The pulp has a very pleasant taste and aroma.



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